Europe as a whole is implementing various programmes aimed at building a sustainable and competitive economic model in order to tackle climate change. While the pre-pandemic path already pointed in this direction, sustainable recovery has emerged as an essential vector for the future, as confirmed by the programmes being developed with the Next Generation funds.
All this forms a solid and stable strategic framework for the decarbonisation of the economy, to be achieved by 2050, the deadline for carbon neutrality. This Just Transition strategy not only places the planet at the centre of the model, but also aims to ensure that people and communities make the most of the opportunities without leaving anyone behind.
This paradigm ratifies the equal right of all people with disabilities to benefit from said opportunities. To this end, among other issues, it is urgent to specify concrete measures, with a particular focus on energy and transport the largest CO2 emitters globally.
Regarding the energy transition, it is worth remembering that electricity is an essential commodity, which means that the right to clean and affordable energy must be guaranteed for all people at affordable prices. This objective has been approved by the international community and this shows us that, in essence, we are dealing with a new human right. And it must be reaffirmed and protected more than ever in our current geopolitical context, in which renewables are presented as the only alternative capable of providing security and independence from fossil fuels brought from overseas.
In terms of transport, the 2030 Agenda already includes several goals related to sustainable mobility due to its relationship with health, economic growth, infrastructure and the sustainable development of cities. But it is necessary to bear in mind that efforts to develop and promote clean transport must not overshadow the need to promote 100% accessible transport for all people that facilitates the participation of all in society. This is a challenge yet to be solved. What is clear is that clean and inclusive mobility policies must become an essential tool to achieve the objective of social cohesion, promoting universal accessibility to infrastructures and modes of transport on equal terms for all citizens.